We Can Expect To See Plenty of Innovative Disruption Caused by IoT In 2018

2017 brought the dawn of 5G technology, emerging solutions for the smart home, smart terminals and smart city applications, such as the widespread adoption of connected city bikes, smart trash, and the application of drones and sensors. The past year has also seen the beginning of the true emergence of connected cars delivering the promise of public safety.  We asked a few key Taoglas people across IT, Engineering, Finance and Marketing to describe how the IoT landscape is evolving and what we expect to see in the coming year. What we can expect is disruption across the board due to  IoT innovations within the various sectors.

Innovation Disruption Caused by IoT Innovative disruption, coined by Clayton M. Christensen, is the “The process, or technology change which is ‘constructive’ in improving the current method of manufacturing, yet disruptively impact the whole of the business case model, resulting in a significant reduction of waste, energy, materials, labor, or legacy costs to the user.” Disruptive technology is fast-changing the world in a positive way for many of its users as the markets adapt to cater for a growing demand for change.

 

 

For Dermot O’Shea, Joint CEO, IoT will undoubtedly become more mainstream due to the increase in global coverage as well as the reduction of costs – factors that inhibited potential business growth in the past.
“IoT will begin to penetrate every organization. Installation will become quicker and more painless with evolving tools and platforms to further drive demonstrable savings. That increase in adoption will bring more awareness and understanding while also leveraging economies of scale to bring costs of deployment down. Every carrier globally is planning for dedicated LTE technologies to support IoT which means that not just heavy devices will use it, but everything from connected heating oil tanks to rat traps.”

In the same way, Tim Dolan, VP of NA Sales, anticipates that consolidation will also take place amidst the broader demand for IoT.

“There are a growing number of cellular module suppliers in the IoT market. This is causing constant price pressure and margin erosion. I expect to see consolidation in this space in 2018.”

It’s not just utility and communication companies that will feel the effects of the market disruption. Autonomous driving will bring the biggest change in our society. Although we don’t expect to see the rollout of autonomous driving in 2018, we will see that many companies will be preparing for the challenges ahead.  Chief Financial Officer, Patrick McHale foresees challenges for the insurance industry.

“As autonomous driving will be inherently safer, some say 94% fewer crashes, this will shake up the industry. Even today we are seeing that insurance companies are tailoring their premiums using telematics to assess driver behavior, and linking that data with health-related products.”

More connectivity means more data and with the increasing emergence of IoT, companies will have to heed their actions. Particularly when it comes to processing and storing data. The Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) poses a number of challenges for companies. Challenges faced by the connected care sector and others will become apparent in due course. Dan Ruane, Head of Group IT at Taoglas alludes;

“The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will bring fines to companies of 4% global turnover or twenty million Euro, whichever is greater in one of the largest shakeups to data protection laws for the past 20 years. On the 25th of May 2018, this new law will be enforced on companies that hold data on EU citizens, irrespective of the companies location. This new regulation aims to reduce the amount of identifiable information held by companies on EU citizens and addresses the citizens rights to have control over that data. Data Breaches, originating from some of the worlds largest companies have become far too commonplace. This new law aims to tackle and bring about many changes when it comes to data and cybersecurity company policies. It is estimated that 28,000 Data Protection Officers (DPO) will be hired over the next 2 years in the EU alone, and each DPO needs to report directly to the highest authority in the company, thus moving data security and GDPR directly into the executive boardroom for many global businesses going forward.”

For David Connolly, Product Design Manager the major change he expects to see is in the size and cost of new antennas on the market. Already GNSS used in surveying reduces the subscription costs to base stations.

“High precision GNSS, UWB and NB-IoT applications will require a move to lower cost antennas and smaller designs such as PCB trace and LDS antennas.”

High precision location measurement will be seen across a multitude of sectors for it’s ability to capture precise data for management applications. On the marine sector Neil Woodhouse RF Engineer said,

“We will see an increased demand for high precision GNSS in the management of marine applications such as tracking lost containers at sea and in-port, for navigation of autonomous vessels in ports and the piloting of these vessels using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). High precision will also be used in research of marine environmental conditions using centimeter level GNSS data.”

The LDS technology addresses customer needs for smaller, higher performance products with integrated LDS antennas in the Automotive and the Wearables Markets. LDS technology allows an antenna design to be directly placed on the surface of a molded plastic part which can become part of the planner enclosure for the finished product or sub-assembly. This process allows higher levels of product integration with fewer components and lower costs. The antenna no longer needs to be a separate component to perform well and effectively requires no dedicated space.

Taoglas’ own LDS machine in operation in Taiwan

Engineer Mike Gilmartin envisions that 2018 will see a massive ramp-up of disruptive technologies such as disposable IoT tags, acceding to the fact that the demand for smaller and cheaper antennas will become more commonplace. Mike states:

“The price point looks like it will be in the low 10’s of cents, possibly $0.20 including a printed battery. Initial applications will include tracking individual envelopes, parcels and packages. For example, reporting via SMS when a package was opened. Basic location data could be provided to within a few kilometers utilizing a type of triangulation based on signal strength received from multiple base-stations. Other applications could include disposable sensors that detect forest fires, flood sensors, motion/movement sensors, healthcare and pharmaceutical sensors and general-purpose compliance type applications. Currently, low cost, low power, long range technologies within the LPWAN [Low Power Wide Area Network] space are Sigfox and LoRa. Both have networks across multiple countries and are launching single event, disposable tags in early 2018.”

The connected car will also get smaller and slicker in its design according to Vladimir Furlan, Senior Antenna Engineer who says;

“Today ‘shark fins’ on the car roof will be replaced with flat systems only 10-20 mm high or even antenna systems completely hidden under the car roofline.”

Landon Garner, Chief Marketing Officer, takes a look at the marketplace and notes a big shift for the larger IoT space as pricing structures in the market begin to divide between those using lower throughput, narrow-band technologies and those requiring higher throughput LTE technologies:

“Having recently completed the transition from 2G, 2018 will bring in another sunset with 3G finding its way to the bench in some parts of the world.  This shift will allow 2018 to bring forward the most efficient network technologies that the world has ever seen. Using LTE as a backbone, NB-IoT and LTE-M will start to open tremendous new commercial opportunities due to strong coverage footprints and extremely competitive pricing – in many cases less than 10% of the cost seen with traditional LTE service offerings. On the other end of the throughput spectrum, 3GPP very recently announced that the 5G spec has crossed the finish line. 2018 will start to create a distinct division between low throughput and high throughput applications – with both finding tremendous use cases in 2018.”

All in all, 2018 is shaping up to be a tremendous year to bring a connected solution to life. Never before has the IoT space seen such a mature and developed ecosystem that is ripe for scale. The innovation that IoT will bring to every aspect of our lives promises an exciting year as we look at the use cases that come to life through our Taoglas Antennas.

 


Taoglas Opens Office in Shenzhen to Meet Growing Demand in Asia-Pacific Region

New RF and antenna design and testing center in China will help customers speed time to market for wireless, IoT products

To support growing demand for its high-quality, precision antenna solutions in the Asia-Pacific region, Taoglas, a leading provider of IoT and M2M antenna products, today announced the opening of its new office in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China. The office, which will have full RF design and testing facilities, demonstrates Taoglas’ strong commitment to providing wireless and IoT manufacturers in the region with the expertise and support they need to bring innovative products to market quickly.

Known as China’s “Most Innovative City” and home to more than 1 million companies, Shenzhen provides Taoglas with the expansion capabilities to accelerate the adoption of IoT and Connected Automotive technologies throughout the country and region. The Shenzhen office will work hand-in-in hand with Taoglas’ development centers in Taoyuan and Tainan, Taiwan, to deliver high-quality antenna, filter and connector solutions to its Asia-Pacific customers.

Taoglas has appointed new Vice President of Sales Lawrence Lin, a Silicon Valley veteran and a native of nearby Hong Kong, to drive business traction throughout the region. Lin has more than 18 years of global experience in product development, business development, marketing and sales management. Prior to joining Taoglas, he was the vice president of marketing and sales at Laxcen, a leading RFID company located in Hong Kong. He also held various engineering and marketing positions at Analog Devices and Atmel in the U.S. Lin earned his B.S. in Electrical Engineering from San Jose State University, and is now pursuing his EMBA from the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

“The opening of our new office in Shenzhen underscores our long-term commitment to providing our customers around the world with not just the antenna solutions they need to accelerate the product development cycle, but also the hands-on RF expertise to help deliver successful connected products to market,” Lin said. “Our Asia-Pacific customers have been clamoring for deeper local support to help drive new wireless and IoT product development, and Taoglas’ state-of-the-art facility in Shenzhen will help them achieve their goals.”

To learn more about Taoglas’ new Shenzhen office, visit www.taoglas.com.


Precision Embedded GNSS Antennas for IoT – By Chris Anderson

Applications for GNSS in IoT

There are many applications for precision embedded GNSS antennas for IoT. Obvious uses would include mobile applications such fleet tracking and pay as you go insurance while other applications may not seem as obvious. For instance, using GPS to uniquely identify a specific trash compactor, smart garbage can or even street light. In cases where an IoT device may move but doesn’t move often, adding movement sensors can let you shut-off that receiver to save power once you have acquired a fix on the signal.

GNSS also has other uses besides location such as having an automatic means for setting system time. This can dramatically improve the performance of remote sensor systems by ensuring your time and date stamp are always correct and your device is reporting in when it’s supposed to. In addition, this combination of location and time can give you the timezone setting as well. GNSS reports altitude as well as location and sometimes that altitude information can be combined with other sensor data like barometric pressure for automatic deployment of weather or other sensing systems.

Another less obvious way to make use of GNSS is to deploy either multiple antennas switched into a single GNSS receiver or multiple receivers and antennas to measure the orientation of your system. For example, placing a GNSS antenna on each wingtip of a fixed-wing drone and at the front and back ends of a school bus can let you directly determine the orientation of the vehicle in real time with no magnetic errors or other issues associated with using a digital compass. The further apart the antennas, the more precise the orientation calculation can be. The receivers can be adjacent to each other if required but will not give the same precise results. The feedback can be close to instantaneous as modern GNSS receivers are capable of refreshing at up to ten times a second.

“With autonomous vehicles and other high volume applications creating a mass market need for high precision embedded GNSS antennas and receivers, expect to see dual frequency receivers available to the IoT market by 2019.”

Since GNSS receiver accuracy is mostly limited by variations in ionospheric propagation delays, which for any two receivers near (within a few km) each other, the relative accuracy of the two receivers can be very good. This high relative accuracy can be exploited in specific applications such as determining orientation as mentioned above, precision agriculture, lawn mower robots, invisible fence systems or any other application where relative location can provide sufficient information for use-case.

Why Use Multiband GNSS?

This high precision is achieved by removing the that ionospheric error. In a two receiver system, one receiver is referenced to a physical location, for instance, the corner of a yard for an invisible fence system, and the difference in locations is computed and used for the application rather than the absolute position. The absolute position could vary by several meters but the differential measurement can be accurate to a few centimeters. Any means of removing that ionospheric error will accomplish a similar improvement in accuracy and this is why GNSS systems always use two different frequencies. The satellites send the same information on two different frequencies. The delay through the ionosphere varies in a known way with frequency so by comparing the delay through the ionosphere for the signal on each frequency, one can calculate the ionospheric delay and correct it out resulting in a single (albeit dual frequency or “band”) receiver with centimeter-level accuracy.

With autonomous vehicles and other high volume applications creating a mass market need for high precision embedded GNSS antennas and receivers, expect to see dual frequency receivers available to the IoT market by 2019. Also, as joint CEO, Dermot O’Shea wrote in this article, Centimeter-level positioning will drive the next generation of location-based apps.  At Taoglas, we have seen the need for low cost and high precision for a long time which is why we have numerous multi-band GNSS antenna products available already.  It is due to this foresight that many of the companies developing multi-band receivers are using our antennas already to test their products.

GNSS still won’t work indoors, but outside it will now be much more accurate.

For more information, please contact our Customer Services Team. We can also test your antenna and customize it for your specific project requirements.

Designing an IoT Project?

Sign up for a replay of this webinar by our CTO,

Chris Anderson

IoT Antenna Design Key Considerations Webinar image for Carol

 

 


Landon Garner Joins Taoglas as Chief Marketing Officer

Landon Garner Joins Taoglas as Chief Marketing OfficerGarner brings strong wireless, IoT expertise to leading antenna vendor

Taoglas, a leading provider of IoT and Automotive antenna products, today announced the appointment of Landon Garner to the newly created position of chief marketing officer (CMO). As CMO, Garner is tasked with growing awareness of Taoglas’ global presence and will oversee all aspects of brand communications, product strategy and marketing, and demand generation.

Garner joined Taoglas from Ingenu, where he was responsible for overseeing Ingenu’s corporate launch in 2015, as well as supporting the rollout of the company’s technology and networks to a global audience. Prior to Ingenu, Garner led the marketing efforts at KORE/RacoWireless from 2012-2015, driving the brand strategy and positioning the company as an IoT market leader and technology innovator.

“Having been an ecosystem partner of Taoglas in the past, I developed a great deal of respect for the culture and people of the company. The engineering team, impressive for their innovative nature and commitment to delivering the highest-quality service, really stands out in the industry,” Garner said. “Antenna vendors have a front-row seat into all of the innovation taking place in the wireless market, and I am happy to be joining the Taoglas team at such an exciting time to drive further awareness of the company and its solutions.”

Garner earned his Bachelor of Science in Marketing from Brigham Young University-Idaho and his MBA in International Business from the University of Hawai’i’s Shidler College of Business.

“Landon brings to Taoglas not only strong marketing expertise but also a strong track record of helping IoT and wireless companies grow their brand awareness,” said Dermot O’Shea, co-CEO of Taoglas. “As Taoglas continues to increase its global presence as a leading RF and antenna company, Landon is the perfect choice to help elevate our brand.”

About Taoglas

Taoglas provides advanced antenna and RF solutions to the world’s leading wireless and IoT companies. With five world-class design, support and test centers in Ireland, Germany, Taiwan, and the USA, Taoglas works with its customers to provide the best solution for their unique antenna and RF challenges, quickly and easily. In-house manufacturing in Taiwan and USA enable us to deliver the highest quality products. Our team of professionals live and breathe RF solutions, with expertise and experience across different wireless and IoT use cases, from LTE to GNSS, DSRC, and NFC and beyond to 5G. This expertise is proven in the huge number of success stories across a variety of applications, including Telematics, Automotive, Metering, Smart Grid, Wearables, Medical Devices, Remote Monitoring, and High-Speed Video Broadcasting.


5G Antenna Technology

5g antenna technology

Slide from presentation given by Taoglas RF Engineer Baha Badran at The International Wireless Industry Consortium, 2017.

5G innovation will enable an era of connectivity like never before. Anticipated experiences from autonomous driving, tactile internet, Ultra HD video and VR based immersive technologies, all capacity-hungry communications, will see demands for higher throughput, better spectral efficiency, ultra-low latency and over 100 times the current number of connections. Taoglas are continuously at the forefront of wireless antenna technologies and we have various 5G antenna products to meet these demands.

In order to support increased traffic capacity, over 10 times existing throughput, and to enable the transmission bandwidths needed to support very high data rates, 5G will extend the range of frequencies used for mobile communication in legacy LTE/4G systems as well as leverage the new Radio Access Technology for 5G called ‘NX’. ‘NX will focus on new frequencies including new spectrum at sub 6GHz, as well as spectrum in higher frequency bands at mmW. We will address these new standards in 3GGP release 14.

Taoglas envisages that 5G antenna technology will be a combination of sub 6GHz antenna systems as well as mmW antenna systems, the latter will work just below 30 GHz and also from 30 GHz to 77 GHz. There is particular emphasis from a hardware and network deployment viewpoint on the 28 GHz.

3GGP Release 14 also discusses MU-Massive MIMO which uses a large number of antennas, typically 64/128/256 or more antennas for Multi-user MIMO and/or 2 dimensional beamforming.

Taoglas 5G antenna technology offerings will leverage both the sub 6GHz and mmW frequency space to give ubiquitous coverage and capacity for networks of the future. We believe that the C band can offer a good compromise for range vs coverage for MU Massive MIMO beamforming antenna technology. At Taoglas we demonstrate this in our product offering of the 5-6 GHz Massive MIMO Base Station Antennas, namely the MCM 100 with 64 elements 19dBi effective gain. Digital beamforming can be incorporated in the base band processor of the radios connected to each of the individual antennas.

According to this CNET article, which features Ronan Quinlan, Joint CEO of Taoglas “Next-gen networks will have vast capacity so your phone can handle data even in massive crowds. Help for self-driving cars will have to wait longer, though.”

But watch this space! At Taoglas we are constantly innovating on 5G antenna technology.

See our range of internal and external 5G antennas. Work with our engineers to have the antenna tested, customised and even certified for your needs.


Taoglas LDS Optimises Performance in the Wearables Market

This LDS case study comprises of how Taoglas engineers assisted in the development of the SmartWatch antenna. Outlined here is how the customer received consultation services in the design, optimisation, and execution of their unique antenna designed for the SmartWatch.

As seen in a previous case-study ‘Taoglas LDS Solutions For The Automotive Industry’ the highly innovate solutions for these products were realized and manufactured, using the Taoglas LDS capability in Taiwan.

Title: 

Smart Watch

Industry:

Wearables

Challenge: 

Integrate a high-performance GNSS and a 2.4GHz Bluetooth antenna into lightweight wearable SmartWatch.

(SmartWatch) Figure 1

A new SmartWatch design presented an opportunity for Taoglas to work closely with one of their customers to provide a highly innovative solution to the wearables industry. The challenge was to integrate two high performance and efficient antennas within the compact, low profile wearable device. The first antenna was a 1575MHz GNSS antenna to provide personal positioning information, the second antenna was a 2.4GHz Bluetooth antenna to be used for data communications.

The first stage of the design involved modeling the physical device in 3D and selecting the optimum LDS polymer resin. Taoglas used Solidworks® to clearly define the 3D structure, communicate with the customer and to ensure that the antenna could be implemented within the planned product construction.

As this was a wearable application the LDS polymer resin selected was a Polycarbonate [PC]. Polycarbonate is one of the many LPKF approved* LDS polymer resins available. Below is a list of the popular LDS resins that can be used:

  •  Polycarbonate (PC)
  • Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
  • Polypropylene (PP)
  • Nylon (PPA)
  • Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
  • Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)
  • Polyphenylene Sulphide (PPS)
  • Liquid Crystal Polymers (LCP)

Once the physical design is finished and the correct polymer resin selected, the basic antenna designs could begin. For full antenna modeling, Taoglas used CST Microwave Studio®. The two antennas were designed to fit on the surface of the of the plastic part (see figure 2). This plastic part is commonly referred to as the antenna carrier. The antenna carrier, in the case, had an outer radius of 38mm and a height of 3.2mm which provided a very compact solution. The carrier was also designed to snap fit into the watch outer casing and to provide simple connection points to the main electronics board [PCB].

(Highly integrated dual antenna carrier) Figure 1

 

Modelling of the design in CST allows for design adjustments and antenna optimisation without the need for “trial and error” sampling which, in turn, reduced cost and lead-time for the overall design.

(LDS Antenna locations and layout) Figure 2

(LDS Antenna locations and layout) Figure 2

Below are images of the optimised radiation patterns developed within CST (figure 3).

CST Modelling: Antenna Radiation Patterns

CST Modelling: Antenna Radiation Patterns. Figure 3.

The first production representation samples of the SmartWatch frame were manufactured using the Taoglas LDS capability in Taiwan. The MicroLine 160i LDS laser (see figure 4) can be quickly configured to precisely transfer the antenna pattern from CAD data onto the surface of the first molded carriers.

Once the antenna pattern has been completed the activated areas of the part are metalized using an electroless plating process. The electroless plating process used deposits a minimum of 12um of Copper followed by 4um of Nickel.

(LPKF Microline 160i LDS Laser available at Taoglas Taiwan)

Conclusion:

Taoglas was able to provide the customer with two highly integrated and efficient antennas on a single antenna carrier. The antennas performed well within this low profile, compact device. The LDS solution, that Taoglas provided, easily outperformed traditional approaches because the antennas could be placed at locations furthest away from the active electronics. Due to space limitations, traditional antennas are difficult to use and impact on space and performance requirements. LDS allowed the antenna patterns and associated performance to be optimised quickly. Minor changes to the antenna design and pattern were implemented immediately without cost and without the need for expensive tooling modifications. This product once finished ramped up quickly into volume production.

References:

  • Solidworks® and CST Microwave Studio® are registered trademarks of Dassault Systèmes, France.
  • MicroLine 160i is an LDS laser system manufactured and licenced by LPKF, Germany.
  • *: LPKF LDS Approved Polymer Resins: http://www.lpkf.com/_mediafiles/2074-approved-plastics-lpkf-lds-2017-02.pdf http://www.lpkf.com/applications/mid/lpkf-lds-process/index.htm

Related Articles:

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Taoglas LDS Solutions for the Automotive Industry


Taoglas LDS Solutions For The Automotive Industry

OBD Wireless Transceiver Module

OBD Wireless Transceiver Model – with outer sleeve removed. Figure 1.

New LDS Technology gives Taoglas a highly competitive edge in offering ultimate design freedom for customers. We support running design changes such as antenna performance tuning & optimisation as seen in our SmartWatch case study. With Taoglas working closely with the customer during all stages of the design process, we can facilitate a high degree of design flexibility.  See how we use LDS technology to provide innovative solutions for the Automotive industry.

Title:

On-Board Diagnostics [OBD] Wireless Transceiver Module.

Industry:

Automotive.

Challenge:

Integrate a high-performance GPS and a GSM antenna into compact OBD form factor.

 

The challenge was to integrate two high performance and efficient antennas into the compact space provided. The first antenna was a 1575.42 MHz GPS antenna to be used for positioning information, the second antenna would be a dual-band GSM antenna for data transmission and designed to operate at both 900MHZ and 1800MHz.  The first stage of the design involved working closely with the customer to mechanically model the product in Solidworks®. This stage of development was important as the 3D structure, the construction requirements and space limitations needed to be clearly defined. Taoglas is now offering LDS Technology to address customer needs for smaller, higher performance products with integrated LDS antennas. 

Once the physical outline and space requirements were complete, the choice of LDS polymer resin could be made. Based on the requirements of the application, ABS resin was chosen as it is a popular polymer, for internal cabin use, in the automotive industry. Many LDS resins* are available within the popular LDS resin families shown below.

  • Polycarbonate (PC)
  • Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
  • Polypropylene (PP)
  • Nylon (PPA)
  • Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
  • Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)
  • Polyphenylene Sulphide (PPS)
  • Liquid Crystal Polymers (LCP)

Once the physical design and LDS resin had been selected, the basic antenna designs could begin. The two antennas were placed on opposite sides, and on the outer surface, of the planned plastic housing. The positions of the antennas were chosen to maximise isolation between antennas themselves and between the antennas and from the main internal electronics board [PCB].

The design of the connections to both antennas was achieved by using compact surface mount “C” clips. These connector components are supplied by Taoglas [part number CC.001] and are ideal for use in these types of compact assemblies. They are easy to assemble onto the main PCB as they use the same standard SMT assembly process used to manufacture the PCB.

The plastic housing design is also optimised to provide dedicated contact points for the clips to make reliable connections to the LDS pattern. The LDS pattern is designed so the contact points will be directly over the PCB mounted “C” clips during final assembly (see figure 2). The “C” themselves have a working vertical tolerance of 1mm so possible concerns with construction tolerances are not an issue.

(Cut away graphic showing two CC.001 clips connecting with the GPS antenna pattern)

(Cut away graphic showing two CC.001 clips connecting with the GPS antenna pattern) Figure 2

Finally, detailed modeling of the two antennas could be completed with the final physical requirements defined. For full antenna modeling, Taoglas uses CST Microwave Studio®. The antenna performance was iterated on and optimised using CST minimising the need for expense and time consuming “trial and error” sample builds.

The first production representation samples of the device were manufactured using the Taoglas LDS capability in Taiwan. A MicroLine 160i LDS laser was quickly configured to precisely transfer the antenna pattern from CAD data onto the surface of the first molded housings. Subsequent metalization of the antenna surfaces, activated by the LDS laser, provides plating Copper plated to a thickness of 12um followed by Nickel plated to a thickness of 4um.

(Optimised CST Electromagnetic field and current models)

(Optimised CST Electromagnetic field and current models) Figure 3

 

LPKF Microline 160i LDS Laser available at Taoglas Taiwan

(LPKF Microline 160i LDS Laser available at Taoglas Taiwan) Figure 4

Conclusion:

For the customer, Taoglas provided two highly integrated and efficient antennas which performed well within their compact OBD transceiver device. The LDS solution easily outperformed traditional approaches. The radiation patterns for traditional antennas such as stamped metal, PCB mount or integrated PCB antennas would have been impacted by their close proximity to the main electronics PCB and would have led to reduced isolation between antennas. The alternative was to make the OBD transceiver module bigger which was not an option for the customer. Finally, LDS allowed the antenna patterns and associated performance to be optimised quickly, without expensive tooling modifications, and allowed the product to go quickly into production.

Read more about Taoglas LDS Technology

References:

  • Solidworks® and CST Microwave Studio® Registered trademarks of Dassault Systèmes, France.
  • MicroLine 160i is an LDS laser system manufactured and licensed by LPKF, Germany.
  • CC.001 is a SMT “C” Clip available from Taoglas: http://www.taoglas.com/product/cc-001-smt-c-clip-connector/
  •   *: LPKF LDS Approved Polymer Resins: http://www.lpkf.com/_mediafiles/2074-approved-plastics-lpkf-lds-2017-02.pdf
  • **: LPKF LDS Design Guidelines: http://www.lpkf.com/applications/mid/design-rules/index.htm

 

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